This French painter and printmaker was one of the most prolific artists working in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, He produced more than 550 paintings plus a large number of drawings and etchings.
THE HAPPY ACCIDENTS OF THE SWING
The Swing is Fragonard's most popular painting. 1767-68
Ingres was a French Neoclassical painter. He always considered himself to be a painter of history following the tradition of Poussin and Jacques-Louis David, but in later years it was as a portrait painter that he was chiefly remembered.
THE VIRGIN ADORING THE HOST
1852 40.3 x 30.7 cm
JOAN OF ARC AT THE CORONATION OF CHARLES VII
Oil on Canvas 240 x 178 cm
This painting was commissioned by the director of the Academie des Belles Artes in Orléans to commemorate Joan of Arc. It shows her at the coronation of Charles VII in Reims Cathedral, victorious and looking up to heaven, which she believed had given France the victory. Ingres began the piece by painting first a nude model and then adding clothes and armour.
THE TURKISH BATH
108 x 110 cm
This painting was based on an April 1717 written description of a Turkish harem by Lady Mary Montagu in which she mentions having viewed some two hundred nude women.
PRINCESSE ALBERT DE BROGLIE
Oil on Canvas 106 x 87 cm
This masterpiece was painted toward the end of Ingres' life when his reputation as a portraitist of prominent citizens and aristocrats had been long established. Pauline was stricken with tuberculosis soon after completion of the portrait, leaving five sons and a grieving husband.
91 x 162 cm
La Grande Odalisque (concubine) was commissioned by Napoleon's sister, Queen Caroline Murat of Naples and finished in 1814. Ingres was obviously familiar with paintings like the Dresden Venus by Giorgione and Titian's Venus of Urbino. The actual pose of the model looking back over her shoulder was directly drawn from the 1809 Portrait of Madame Récamier by Jacques-Louis David.
APOTHEOSIS OF HOMER
Oil on Canvas 386 x 515 cm The painting depicts Homer being crowned by a winged figure personifying Victory or the Universe. Forty-four additional figures pay homage to the poet in a kind of classical confession of faith.
MASTERS OF COLOUR WILL BE UPDATED NEXT WEEK ON THURSDAY
No.3 - Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio, better known as Titian, c.1490-1576
This Italian painter was the most important member of the 16th century Venetian school. His large output included portraits, landscape backgrounds, and mythological and religious subjects. His use of colour was to have an important influence on painters of the Italian Renaissance and those of future generations.
THE PRESENTATION OF THE VIRGIN
1534/6 3.35 x 7.75 m
The Presentation of the Virgin is one of the twelve major feasts in the Eastern Orthodox Church and it marks the beginning of the Advent season. This incident is not found in the New Testament, but appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James. It tells the story of Mary, as a child many years before her famous meeting with the angel Gabriel, appearing before the leaders in the Temple.
DIANA AND ACTAEON
Oil on Canvas 184.5 x 202.2 cm
Diana, goddess of the hunt, is having a bath in a spring when Actaeon a mortal stumbles upon the scene. The nymphs try to cover Diana who, in a moment of anger, splashes water upon Actaeon. He is immediately changed into a deer and flees in fear. When he later meets his own hounds the animals don't realise that this is their master and kill him.
MADONNA AND CHILD WITH ST JOHN THE BAPTIST AND AN UNIDENTIFIED SAINT
Oil on Canvas transferred from panel
SACRED AND PROFANE LOVE
Oil on Canvas 118 x 279 cm
There have been many suggestions to explain the meaning of the painting.The work is thought to have been commissioned by Niccolò Aurelio, because his coat of arms appears on the fountain in the centre of the picture, and it's possible the painting celebrates his marriage to a young widow, Laura Bagarotto. It perhaps depicts the bride dressed in white, sitting beside Cupid and being assisted by Venus.
THE THREE AGES OF MAN
Oil on Canvas 106 x 182 cm
A lovely painting with peaceful countryside, lovers and babes - until you notice in the background an old man with a skull in each hand.
Van Gogh was one of the most famous artists in the history of Western art. His work includes landscapes, still lifes, portraits and many self-portraits; over 600 of his oil paintings were created in the last two years of his life. He had to cope with mental illness and poverty and in the end he committed suicide.
A SUBURB OF PARIS
1887 Oil on Canvas 38 x 46 cm
While the artist was living with his brother Theo, he produced a number of paintings in the outskirts of Paris.
CHURCH AT AUVERS-SUR-OISE, VIEW FROM THE CHEVET
1890 Oil on Canvas 93 x 74.5 cm
FLOWERING PLUM ORCHARD (after Hiroshige)
1887 Oil on Canvas 55 x 46 cm
For a while van Gogh had a great interest in all things Japanese and this is reflected in some of his paintings. Hiroshige 1797-1858 was a Japanese ukiyo-e artist who was considered the last great master of that tradition.
VAN GOGH'S BEDROOM IN ARLES
1889 Oil on Canvas 570 x 740 mm
STARRY NIGHT OVER THE RHONE
1888 Oil on Canvas 720 x 920 mm
In February 1888 van Gogh wrote to Theo, "I need a starry night with cypresses or perhaps above a field of ripe wheat; there are some really beautiful nights here." After painting Starry Night Over the Rhone, he confessed to his brother that he had a "tremendous need for, shall I say the word - religion - so I go outside at night to paint the stars."
Rubens was a Flemish Baroque painter, famous for his altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects. A catalogue of his works lists 1,403 items A classically educated humanist scholar and diplomat, he was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England.
LANDSCAPE WITH THE RUINS OF MOUNT PALATINE
c.1608 Oil on panel, 76 x 107 cm
THE HOLY FAMILY WITH ST. ANNE
1630 Oil on canvas, 115 x 90 cm
THE FEAST OF HERODES
1635-8 Oil on canvas, 208 x 264 cm
The painting shows Salome presenting King Herod with the head of John the Baptist on a plate. Herod seems to be shrinking back at the sight, but his wife Herodias is prodding John's tongue with a fork.
1615 Oil on oak panel, 74 x 130 cm
Hygeia is the Goddess of Health
VENUS AND CUPID WARMING THEMSELVES
1610-20 Oil on panel, 355 x 466 mm
LANDSCAPE WITH MILKMAIDS AND CATTLE
1618 Oil on panel, 86 x 128 cm
The painting was done at the farm at Laken, a village near Brussels
No.2 - VINCENT van GOGH
Will be posted on Saturday